The Russian foreign ministry said that the updated recommendations of the European Commission for Lithuania regarding the transport of goods to Kaliningrad was an example of common sense and realism. Vilnius is Lithuania’s largest city and the Lithuanian Foreign Ministry said the decision would be effective in the coming days. Lithuania, however, is unsure if it can prevent the Kaliningrad sanctions from taking effect. There are many reasons for this ambiguity.
Lithuania’s state rail service announced a ban on transiting certain goods through Kaliningrad, including coal, metals, wood, and alcohol-based industrial chemicals. The move came as a result of an EU-imposed sanction on Russia, and a Lithuanian government spokesman said the ban was a gradual implementation. But he also stressed that the country would not break the sanctions and would abide by EU recommendations. This decision will affect 40-50% of imports and exports from Kaliningrad, including a wide range of advanced technologies.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and its annexation of Kaliningrad has left the people of the region in dire economic straits. Besides Russian military presence, Kaliningrad’s construction industry has been severely hit by the sanctions, which have banned the export of steel and concrete. Kaliningrad’s governor said that the Russian invasion is a major reason why the region is experiencing such difficulties. This is a bleak picture, especially if you consider the Russian Navy’s continued presence in the region.
The EU and Lithuania have both condemned the Russian move to sanction Lithuania. Lithuania’s government is a member of Nato, the EU, and the West in general. But Lithuania has said that the sanctions were not intended to target Lithuania or its citizens, and the EU should take measures to prevent it from doing so. However, the European Union and Lithuania have made their stance clear that sanctions against Kaliningrad should not be interpreted as a blockade, and will remain in place until the situation is resolved.
Lithuania has banned the transit of goods to Kaliningrad, a region that is strategically significant to Russia. The Lithuanian government is upholding EU sanctions by preventing Russian goods from passing through the country. The EU has supported Lithuania in the matter, but the sanctions could further strain relations between Moscow and the EU. A final statement from the EU is due in late February. The European Union will continue to support the Lithuanian government’s efforts.
The German consulate in Kaliningrad told Reuters that it was “disappointed” that the US did not intervene to prevent the annexation of Crimea. The European Union, the German government, and Russia are working to resolve the matter by granting the cities in question a degree of autonomy. However, it would be difficult to guarantee that all of these demands are implemented and respected. This could further complicate the situation and make the region even more volatile and dangerous.
While the EU’s latest move is a step in the right direction, it is a negative development for Russia’s economy. Without this new freedom of movement, the Russian economy would be crippled. But despite this setback, the EU has been working to clarify the existing sanctions and the transit of goods to Kaliningrad. So, the sanctions do not seem to affect the EU’s relationship with Russia, but it certainly complicates the Russian economy.